The Green Nobel
By BEL JACOBS
Too often, those campaigning on the frontline of human rights abuse and exploitation go unrecognised.
Each year, The Goldman Environmental Prize - aka the Green Nobel - was created to recognise exactly those people, celebrating their sustained efforts to protect the natural environment, through community and citizenship, often at great personal risk; more than a few recipients of the Prize have been harassed, even tortured for their work. What marks each out, however, is their extraordinary persistence. Here are the Prize’s 2017 recipients.
RODRIGUE MUGARUKA KATEMBO, Democratic Republic of Congo
Former child soldier Rodrigue Katembo literally put his life on the line to fight SOCO International, a British oil company that had bought the right to drill for oil in Virunga National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the oldest national park in Africa. Katembo had already faced down threats and armed thugs, arrest and torture, as a vocal Park Ranger at Virunga. Finally, he went undercover to film SOCO contractors offering bribes. That footage was later featured in the seminal documentary film Virunga and, in 2015, against all the odds, SOCO announced it was giving up its oil licence. Rodrigue is now Director of Upemba National Park, where he continues to protect the park and wildlife from poachers, militia, and the extractive industry. www.virunga.org
PRAFULLA SAMANTARA, India
An iconic leader of social justice movements in India, Samantara has led a 12-year legal battle against a massive, open-pit aluminium ore mine in India’s Niyamgiri Hills, a place of infinite cultural and ecological beauty. Cycling from village to village, Prafulla alerted the Indigenous Dongria Kondh community to plans by UK-based Vedanta Resources’ to destroy 1,660 acres of untouched forest land. After almost a decade of marches, resistance and court filings, the Indian Supreme Court sided with Prafulla, leaving the Niyamgiri Hills’ future safe in the hands of the Dongria Kondh.
UROS MACERL, Slovenia
Organic farmer Uroš Macerl successfully stopped French-owned cement company Lafarge from burning hazardous industrial waste, filling the air around his farm and his community with coal dust and pollution. Uroš rallied community support and took his fight all the way to the European Commission, forcing the plant to shut down in 2015.
WENDY BOWMAN, Australia
For almost 7 years, 84-year-old Wendy Bowman fought to stop Chinese-owned mining company Yancoal from expanding its open cut coal mine. Bowman took her fight the way to the New South Wales Court of Appeal, and didn’t give up until she stopped the mine in its tracks.
MARK! LOPEZ, United States
Mark! Lopez took on one of the world's biggest battery manufacturers after it had been polluting his community in Los Angeles’ Eastside for more than 30 years. After tireless door-knocking and outreach, mark! built so much support the Governor of California was forced to commit $176.6 million to decontaminate home, reputedly one of the largest environmental cleanups in state history.
RODRIGO TOT, Guatemala
An Indigenous leader in Guatemala’s Agua Caliente, Rodrigo Tot led his community to a landmark court decision that recognised land titles to the Q’eqchi people and kept destructive nickel mining out of his community. Taking on a Guatemalan legal system mired in corruption, Rodrigo shocked mining companies and environmental activists alike when he won.